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  1. 3. Philosophy of the Movement
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  4. APENS Chairman,

It looks like you are located in Australia or New Zealand Close. In addition to working directly with schoolchildren, members of the IAPC work with several constituencies, including professional and pre-professional educators, educational administrators and policy-makers, and faculty and students of education, philosophy and related disciplines. Philosophy and Children organization offers introductory workshops and Certificate courses in schools and graduate teachers in Australia.

There is an annual Philosophy Slam competition for kids in grades K Younger children are encouraged to submit artwork which illustrates their philosophical reflections while older children submit increasingly sophisticated written work. The University of Bristol is now working on Bristol Philosophy Exchange applying a similar model in which philosophy students and primary school teachers exchange skills and knowledge in weekly philosophical enquiry with children. Educational charity The Philosophy Foundation formerly The Philosophy Shop trains philosophy graduates to do philosophy with primary and secondary school children, and places them in schools nationwide.

They also train teachers in the transferable skills of philosophy questioning, thinking skills and discourse skills , and are encouraging an enquiry based approach to education at all levels, including tertiary. Thinking Space works with schools to devise creative philosophy projects that combine the expertise of philosophers and teachers.

For example, pwc projects working with art , citizenship , excluded children, architecture , anti-racism , music , community development and more. In Australasia an extensive P4C network has developed since the s. FAPSA is a professional non-profit organization promoting philosophy in schools and representing the interests of its affiliated associations across Australia, New Zealand and Singapore.

In a competition was created in Perth Western Australia called a Philosothon. This competition promotes P4C and has been phenomenally successful over its short history.

3. Philosophy of the Movement

A number of books have been published on philosophy for children other than those mentioned above by Matthews and Lipman. Some are intended to be read by children, others by children with their parents, and still others by philosophers, educators, and policy-makers considering the merits of K philosophy programs. He seemed to believe that this concept would free him from the adoption of hypothesis to account optical phenomena.


However, throughout 18th century, the role of the fits changed dramatically. In the works of Newton's followers, it was either treated superficially or completely ignored. Some of them classified it as a mere hypothesis or a doubtful concept. In this communication, I will present an analysis of the changing role of Newton's fits.

My purpose is to discuss some aspects of the process of rejection of scientific theories, claiming that it is closely related with social and cultural contexts in which it occurs. It is usually just mentioned in context with some school experiments measurements , the introduction of measuring devices such as spring balance or everyday situations - but it is not really historically contextualized. A historical review of the development of this law and implementing in teaching would form an important option for lecturing this law.

If we are enabled to show students through history and the experiences of the 17th century scientists how to determine a law by researching different areas, they are enabled to understand the connections better. If so, what implications would result in an educational perspective? He did so in an epistemological sense, not questioning either the value nor the respectability of scientific knowledge itself. In Science Education, also, their seems to be a certain kind of amnesia or ignorance with respect to the Nature of Science in terms of epistemology.

How else could it be that we speak of scientific knowledge on one hand and students' conceptions with reference to constructivism on the other, while science largely depends on idealizations, and students' sense-making is noticeably rooted in experience? The paper presentation will discuss the question, which theoretical and practical enrichment science education and science educators can find in receiving some of Husserl's fundamental ideas. If science teaching does promote students' feeling of alienation and uprootedness, as Roth argues, how should one teach science in a rooted manner, grounded in students' lifeworld familiarity?

Our original Earth, Husserl claims, does not move, ''sie ruht" Husserl , p. The relation between the moving and the stagnant Earth is comparable to Heidegger's distinction between geometrical and existential space; the first describable by laws of physics, the latter our lifeworld, our space of existence.


Geometrical space, Heidegger argues, presupposes lifeworld space, as our very being is a precondition for conceiving dimensions of the geometrical space. Heidegger warns against a too strong emphasis on the physical space, as this could lead to an "Entweltlichung", where ''the wordly character of the ready-to-hand gets specifically deprived of its worldhood'' ibid. I discuss conditions for rooting in science education by drawing on experiences from our teacher education program. I hereby emphasize i aesthetic experiences in science class as a complementary to the heavy weight on conceptual learning, and ii historical and ontological aspects incorporated in science teaching.

In the last three years a special lesson was included in December about two weeks before Christmas. This special lesson is based on Faraday's lectures on the chemistry and physics of burning candles that were published in as "The Chemical History of a Candle". The main topic of this lesson is about perception, stabilization of observation moreover it is an example of the Socratic teaching method according to Wagenschein.

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In the following lesson the students were asked to write an anonymous short self reflection of their experimental process. They were asked to note what they learned, what they think this lesson is worth in their context of physic teacher training and what flaws they could find in it. Afterward the group discussed openly about these questions and a tentative synopsis was compiled. Evaluating the anonymous and open statements of the students and enriching them with some reflections on the lesson I will answer the question if or how such a seemingly outdated and old fashioned lesson is profitable in our context of teacher training.

But an inquiry approach towards learning science is not new. Results from case studies and teacher educational workshops will be held against the thoughts of Dewey to illustrate how this old thinking can contribute to recent science teaching. However, in the curriculum discourse and practice of other subjects, this concept appears to be poorly explored and instrumentalised Popov, Sturesson, Nowadays, when teacher students go to school practice, they face culturally diverse classrooms and challenging educational contexts Popov, Sturesson, Carlsson, They need to deal with cultural heterogeneity on pedagogical and curriculum planes Popov, Sturesson, The focus of this paper is to highlight important elements of intercultural competence as they perceived by the science teachers.

The concept of identity is related to what a person does and his or her activities. Theoretical constructs of multiculturalism were also important to highlight different dimensions of science teachers' intercultural competence. Name : Valentina Roberti, Giulio Peruzzi.

Maxwell's curiosity led him to never abandon his studies on colors throughout his life, creating inter alia the foundation for quantitative color measure and for practical color photography. Newton's theory of color represents a fundamental starting point for Maxwell's researches in the field.

Trying to point out the influence of Newton's theory on Maxwell's work on colors could be therefore significant to better understand Maxwell's theory of compound colors. In order to eliminate Newton's arbitrary choice of the number of primary colors and Newton's confusion between optical and pigment mixture of colors, Maxwell adapted Newton's color circle to his triangular representation, with three primary colors as vertices.

Furthermore, reading Newton's contributions, Maxwell found a valid indication of the method to predict the outcome of optical mixtures of light in analogy with the calculation of the center of gravity, in line with his conception that "there is no more powerful method of introducing knowledge into the mind than that of presenting it in as many different ways as we can". This is also a useful lesson relevant for educational purposes.

The scientific character of the journal can be measured not only through its articles but also through its authors: renowned botanists, horticulturalists and professors from Spain, France, Belgium, Germany and Russia. This paper examines how cultural activities such as the horticultural exhibitions held at the Crystal Palace starting in , and the publication of journals and almanacs promoted the rising of this field of knowledge.

Nevertheless, the school of horticulture project was not delivered which revealed that for a long time it was seen as an artistic activity, rather than a science. Furthermore, I will demonstrate the hard pathway of horticultural knowledge to become independent from agriculture, from gardening and the long walk it had to pursuit to be perceived as a science, rather than an art. Cultural and historical circumstances in Portugal are behind the difficult recognition of horticulture as a science after a brilliant and promise beginning in the nineteenth century.

Spaces in which humans learn are often conceptualized as formal e. This talk deals with the Science Centre as complex informal learning space. Under the presumption that perceptibility and experiencebility are prerequisites for learning encounters it is important to seek an understanding of how typical relations of things in a Science Centre have a meaning for excluding or including so called minority groups. How things relate in a Science Centre can be analyzed from several perspectives.

Three of these are 1 the arrangement of things in space and their consequence for interaction, the 2 relation between the body and the exhibit and the 3 practical use of the exhibits.

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It therefore is important to have a closer look on performative aspects taking place in Science Centres, ranging from speech-movement-relationships over movement practices as far as to movement itself as a generative causal power. Nevertheless, the things forming a Science Centre are based on a particular normativity dispositive of the human body.

This has an impact on the body techniques we find in these places. Agreeing to this argument we see ourselves confronted with crucial sociological and epistemological implications and questions towards science and science education. We would like to share and discuss with you the different levels of interpretation of our current findings. Name : Julia Schwnewedel, Finja Grospietsch. Consequently it is promoted in nearly all school subjects. However, it is unclear whether teachers understand and teach argumentation in comparable ways in different subjects.

In this context, we investigated science and language teachers' beliefs about argumentation. The sample consisted of five science teachers and five teachers of German language. For the investigation of their beliefs problem-centred interviews were performed. We conducted qualitative content analysis to identify and categorize the beliefs.

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  6. Data analysis led to a categorization with ten major categories describing the beliefs about argumentation. Comparative analysis showed differences in eight of the ten major categories between science and language teachers' beliefs. Results unveiled differences, e. The results allow us to conclude that biology and language teachers' hold different beliefs about argumentation.

    At the conference these differences will be explained in the context of different disciplinary cultures resulting in different subject-specific habitus. The findings help to differentiate disciplinary cultures in the context of schools, and prospectively better understand their function in instructional processes. Many scientists held the opinion that what was now left to do for science was the "filling-in the details".

    But all these "foundations" proved insufficient by the end of the century. Planck and Einstein developed quantum physics and relativity theory, Riemann, Clifford, the intuitionists and the formalists developed a new geometry topology , Kant's system was superseded by similar metaphysical systems, one after the other. Why did this happen?

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    The current dominant narrative assumes that it was new observations made possible by new technologies, which created an empirical necessity for these transformations in science. This was certainly necessary, but was it sufficient? Interestingly, all the keyplayers in this "transformation drama" had been influenced directly or indirectly by one person. Strangely, this person is little known: Friedrich Eduard Beneke. It was this new way of thinking, a new perspective, which enabled a re-evaluation of the central concepts and therefore the hidden inconsistencies in many sciences.

    History and Philosophy of Science constitutes a breeding ground for negotiating concepts relating to science and democracy. Name : Ekaterina Teteleva, Sergey Bogdanov. In due times these ones not only overturned Science paradigms, but followed by tectonic shifts in cultural environment and world viewing. Moreover this series mostly remains actual and challenging for each next generation of researches.

    Thus Earth's sphericity studies started by Eratosthenes were developed during centuries and nowadays are supported by satellite altimetry technique. As for students it's hard to overestimate the role of cornerstones studies in achieving their best vision of science in a wide context. As for teachers the challenge is to design the "revisiting" of these experiments in a way suitable for concrete learning environment. In the paper the experiment on estimation of Earth radius appropriate for Russian North soft landscapes is presented.